Qiangwei Zhou, Sheng Cheng, Shanshan Zheng, Zhenji Wang, Pengpeng Guan, Zhixian Zhu, Xingyu Huang, Cong Zhou, Guoliang Li
Nucleic Acids Research, gkac893, https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkac893
Published: 16 October 2022
Chromatin loops (or chromatin interactions) are important elements of chromatin structures. Disruption of chromatin loops is associated with many diseases, such as cancer and polydactyly. A few methods, including ChIA-PET, HiChIP and PLAC-Seq, have been proposed to detect high-resolution, specific protein-mediated chromatin loops. With rapid progress in 3D genomic research, ChIA-PET, HiChIP and PLAC-Seq datasets continue to accumulate, and effective collection and processing for these datasets are urgently needed. Here, we developed a comprehensive, multispecies and specific protein-mediated chromatin loop database (ChromLoops,https://3dgenomics.hzau.edu.cn/chromloops), which integrated 1030 ChIA-PET, HiChIP and PLAC-Seq datasets from 13 species, and documented 1 491 416 813 high-quality chromatin loops. We annotated genes and regions overlapping with chromatin loop anchors with rich functional annotations, such as regulatory elements (enhancers, super-enhancers and silencers), variations (common SNPs, somatic SNPs and eQTLs), and transcription factor binding sites. Moreover, we identified genes with high-frequency chromatin interactions in the collected species. In particular, we identified genes with high-frequency interactions in cancer samples. We hope that ChromLoops will provide a new platform for studying chromatin interaction regulation in relation to biological processes and disease.