Xiangqian Zhu, Zhongping Xu, Guanying Wang, Yulong Cong, Lu Yu, Ruoyu Jia, Yuan Qin, Guangyu Zhang, Bo Li, Daojun Yuan, Lili Tu, Xiyan Yang, Keith Lindsey, Xianlong Zhang, Shuangxia Jin
Genome Biology, volume24, Article number:194(2023), Published:25 August 2023
Somatic embryogenesis is a major process for plant regeneration. However, cell communication and the gene regulatory network responsible for cell reprogramming during somatic embryogenesis are still largely unclear. Recent advances in single-cell technologies enable us to explore the mechanism of plant regeneration at single-cell resolution.
We generate a high-resolution single-cell transcriptomic landscape of hypocotyl tissue from the highly regenerable cotton genotype Jin668 and the recalcitrant TM-1. We identify nine putative cell clusters and 23 cluster-specific marker genes for both cultivars. We find that the primary vascular cell is the major cell type that undergoes cell fate transition in response to external stimulation. Further developmental trajectory and gene regulatory network analysis of these cell clusters reveals that a total of 41 hormone response-related genes, including LAX2,LAX1, and LOX3, exhibit different expression patterns in the primary xylem and cambium region of Jin668 and TM-1. We also identify novel genes, including CSEF,PIS1,AFB2,ATHB2,PLC2, and PLT3, that are involved in regeneration. We demonstrate that LAX2,LAX1 and LOX3 play important roles in callus proliferation and plant regeneration by CRISPR/Cas9 editing and overexpression assay.
This study provides novel insights on the role of the regulatory network in cell fate transition and reprogramming during plant regeneration driven by somatic embryogenesis.