Jiaqi You, Zhenping Liu, Zhengyang Qi, Yizan Ma, Mengling Sun, Ling Su, Hao Niu, Yabing Peng, Xuanxuan Luo, Mengmeng Zhu, Yuefan Huang, Xing Chang, Xiubao Hu, Yuqi Zhang, Ruizhen Pi, Yuqi Liu, Qingying Meng, Jianying Li, Qinghua Zhang, Longfu Zhu, Zhongxu Lin, Ling Min, Daojun Yuan, Corrinne E. Grover, David D. Fang, Keith Lindsey, Jonathan F. Wendel, Lili Tu, Xianlong Zhang, Maojun Wang
Nature Genetics(2023), Published:16 October 2023
Polyploidy complicates transcriptional regulation and increases phenotypic diversity in organisms. The dynamics of genetic regulation of gene expression between coresident subgenomes in polyploids remains to be understood. Here we document the genetic regulation of fiber development in allotetraploid cottonGossypium hirsutumby sequencing 376 genomes and 2,215 time-series transcriptomes. We characterize 1,258 genes comprising 36 genetic modules that control staged fiber development and uncover genetic components governing their partitioned expression relative to subgenomic duplicated genes (homoeologs). Only about 30% of fiber quality-related homoeologs show phenotypically favorable allele aggregation in cultivars, highlighting the potential for subgenome additivity in fiber improvement. We envision a genome-enabled breeding strategy, with particular attention to 48 favorable alleles related to fiber phenotypes that have been subjected to purifying selection during domestication. Our work delineates the dynamics of gene regulation during fiber development and highlights the potential of subgenomic coordination underpinning phenotypes in polyploid plants.